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CHAP, vin               CHURCH OF S. THEODOSIA                       165
as a martyr, and men said, * The ram's horn, in killing thee, O Theodosia, appeared to thee a new Horn of Amalthea.*1
The remains of the martyred heroine were taken for burial to the monastery of Dexiocrates (TO jAovao-Ttfpiov TO ovo/taZo/jLevov Ae^ofcpaTov^y so named either after its founder or after the district in which it was situated.2 This explains why the Gate of S. Theodosia was also designated the Gate of Dexiocrates (TLopra &ej;io/cpdrov$').B The earliest reference to the church of S. Theodosia occurs in the account of the pilgrimage made by-Anthony, Archbishop of Novgorod/ to Constantinople in 1200. Alluding to that shrine he says : £Dans un couvent,' to quote the French translation of his narrative, fi de femmes se trouvent les reliques de sainte Th6odosie, dans une chisse ouverte en argent' Another Russian pilgrim from Novgorod/ Stephen, who was in Constantinople in 1350, refers to the convent expressly as the convent of S, Theodosia : c Nous all&mes v6n£rer la sainte vierge Th6odosie, que (p£cheurs) nous baisimes ; il y a la un couvent en son nom au bord de la mer/ The convent is again mentioned in the description of Constantinople by the Russian pilgrim6 who visited the city shortly before the Turkish conquest (1424-53). £De li (Blachernae) nous nous dirige&Hies vers Test et atteignimes le couvent de Sainte Th£odosie ; la sainte vierge Th6odosie y repose dans une chAsse dicouverte/
Two other Russian pilgrims, Alexander the scribe (1395), and the deacon Zosimus (1419-2i), likewise refer to the relics of the saint, but they do so in terms which create some difficulty. Alexander saw the relics in the church of the Pantokrator/ while Zosimus found them in the convent of the c Everghetis.*8 The discrepancy between these statements may indeed be explained as one of the mistakes very easily committed by strangers who spend only a short time in a city, visit a multitude of similar objects during that
1   Synax,, May 29.—
K^pas /c/H00 KTetvbv ere,  6eo<W£a, &<pdri V&QV crai rSjs 'A/xaX0e£a$ K^pas.
2  Banduri, ii. p. 34-,                                 3 Coclinus, De S. Sophia, p. 147. 4 Ifh, russes, p. 104,                                   6 Ibid. p. 125.
6 Ibid. p. 233.                      r Ibid, p. 162.                     8 Itin, rustes, p. 205.